Long-term ecological monitoring and research
Remote sensing – photographic monitoring, on the ground and from space
Challenges in mammal monitoring:
The nocturnal behavior of most mammals
Human avoidance by mamnals
The need to develop a repeatable, structured and periodical monitoring program
Monitoring from space – vegetation monitoring by remote sensing
This method is effective for monitoring large areas. For instance: the analysis of forests and native woodlands in Israel over the last 20 years that is currently being conducted by HaMaarag. Using satellite images it is possible to identify clear trends of tree desiccation across wide areas, and in contrast, recovery and increased woody vegetation cover and forest health in other areas. In the case of large fires (for example the fire on the Carmel in 2010 or the fire in the Jerusalem region in 2012), continuous monitoring can provide data on post-fire processes within the area, and the rate of natural rehabilitation of the vegetation.