Fisheries management involves a system of appropriate, scientifically-based objectives and rules for management. Strategies and tools to implement these rules must also exist, as well as a system for enforcing the rules and monitoring results. By implementing a successful fisheries management system, social and economic benefits can be increased while maintaining sustainable yields and protecting/securing fishery resources.
The management effectiveness of the world’s marine fisheries, both large and small-scale, is important to food provision and livelihoods that depend upon fish and seafood.
For large-scale fisheries, management is typically the responsibility of federal, state or town governments. For small-scale fisheries, management may be accomplished through collaboration at more local levels, including communities, tribes or even families, in conjunction with appropriate government entities.
How Was It Measured?
To measure management effectiveness for artisanal fisheries, data were used from Mora et al. (2009) based upon surveys that represent the opportunity for artisanal and recreational fishing in each country based on the quality of management of the small-scale fishing sector. Scores reported by Mora et al. (2009) for small-scale fisheries management for each country range from 0 to 100, with higher scores representing better management of the artisanal and recreational fishing sectors. These values were rescaled (using a minimum value of 0 and maximum value of 100) to give each country a score between 0 and 1 for each reporting region.