The more seafood harvested or cultured sustainably, the higher the goal score. The wild-caught commercial seafood sub-goal evaluates the ability to obtain maximal wild harvests without damaging the ocean’s ability to continue providing fish for people in the future. Sustainable harvest of wild-caught seafood avoids excessively high exploitation of target species, and does not target threatened populations. Additionally, pressures upon surrounding habitats and high bycatch may influence the resilience of the ecosystem and, indirectly, the productivity of the fisheries.
Sustainable mariculture supports food provisioning needs through practices that can be maintained over the long term. This includes not compromising the water quality in the farmed area and not relying on wild populations to feed or replenish the cultivated species.
Some mariculture practices, although they do not compromise future harvests, may impact the delivery of other goals, through habitat destruction and accidental release of non-native species. These factors do not affect the sustainability of mariculture, but their impact on the sustainability of other goals is captured as pressures when assessing such goals.
The current score indicates that Israel is significantly below the sustainable target values, and is jeopardizing the future landings with unsustainable yields,